The Debate Over Riots

The Debate Over Riots 1

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Good morning. The R.N.C. goes for a softer look. American Airlines is making big cuts. And violence turns deadly in Kenosha, Wis.

Credit…Carlos Ortiz for The New York Times

If you’re an intense reader of the news, you may already know the story of David Shor’s firing.

Shor is a progressive data analyst who has spent his career trying “to help elect Democrats while moving the party leftward,” as Jonathan Chait of New York magazine put it. In May, Shor tweeted a summary of a new academic paper about the 1968 election by Omar Wasow of Princeton. The paper found that nonviolent protests tended to increase the Democratic vote share in surrounding areas that year, while riots tended to decrease it.

Some other progressives accused Shor of insensitively focusing on the wrong problem: the political reaction to riots, rather than the underlying racism and socioeconomic problems that helped cause those riots. His employer — Civis Analytics, a liberal research firm — quickly fired him. (For a longer summary, see The Times’s Michelle Goldberg or Vox’s Matthew Yglesias.)

The episode was essentially a struggle over whether progressives should worry about political strategy or almost always side with the victims of injustice, regardless of tactics. Shor’s detractors thought he was blaming the victims — and “concern trolling,” by undermining the more important debate, as the podcast host Benjamin Dixon wrote. Shor’s defenders thought his detractors cared more about looking virtuous than defeating racism.

It is a debate with obvious relevance to the 2020 campaign.

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No one can know for sure, but there is evidence suggesting that violent protests — like the ones this week in Kenosha, Wis., in response to the police shooting of a Black man in the back — help the politician whom many protesters most despise: President Trump.

Trump himself clearly believes this, having organized much of his campaign around highlighting (and sometimes lying about) riots. Polling has shown that most voters support nonviolent protest while most oppose violent protest.

Criticizing any protest of police misconduct is fraught for progressives today. That’s especially true when the conduct is as brutal as it appears to have been in Kenosha.

But the reality is that nights like the last two — when an American city has been on fire — seem to be precisely what Trump wants to campaign on. And there is another option available to people outraged by what happened in Kenosha. After all, nonviolent protest — as the overwhelming majority of recent protests have been — has a long record of political effectiveness.

In other Kenosha developments:

  • Jacob Blake — the man shot by police — is partially paralyzed from a bullet that severed his spinal cord, his family said Tuesday. His mother, Julia Jackson, said she opposed the destruction of the recent protests: “It doesn’t reflect my son or my family.”

  • Protesters threw water bottles, rocks and fireworks at the police last night, and the police responded with tear gas and rubber bullets. In a confrontation near a gas station — the details of which are not yet clear — three people were shot, two of them fatally, police said.

  • Kenosha is the fourth-largest city in the state that may be the single most likely to determine the election. Both Joe Biden and Trump will struggle to win the Electoral College without Wisconsin.


1. R.N.C. softens Trump’s image


Credit…Kevin Lamarque/Reuters

The Republican National Convention found a softer tone on its second night, presenting Trump as a champion of women and criminal justice reform. The message seemed aimed at suburban voters, a group Trump won in 2016 but is in danger of losing this year, The Times’s Lisa Lerer and Sydney Ember write.

Unlike past conventions, this one is using the trappings of presidential power — like the White House — as a backdrop. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo delivered an address from Jerusalem, breaking a longstanding norm that State Department officials don’t involve themselves in electoral politics.

Here’s a five-minute video summarizing last night. And here are fact checks, from The Times and from

What political analysts are saying:

  • “I found Night Two to be more tonally consistent and accessible for people [who] haven’t fully gulped the kool-aid. More creating a permission structure to support the ticket and less of the audience of one stuff,” tweeted Liam Donovan, a Republican strategist.

  • “We got about maybe 15% of voters watching this stuff. Most of whom are hardcore partisans in one of the most stable races ever,” CNN’s Harry Enten wrote.

  • What happens in the next 69 days will matter more than anything done/said these last 2 weeks,” Amy Walter of the Cook Political Report predicted.

  • The convention is “conjuring an entirely different” version of Trump from the real one, the Times columnist Frank Bruni wrote. And other Times Opinion writers covered the night’s best and worst moments.

Island outbreaks

U.S. islands in the Caribbean and the Pacific — which largely avoided early coronavirus outbreaks — are emerging as new hot spots. Hawaii now ranks among the states where new cases are growing fastest, and the U.S. Virgin Islands is halting tourism for a month.

In other virus developments:

Here’s what else is happening


Credit…Jeffery Salter for The New York Times

IDEA OF THE DAY: Baby bonds

New Jersey may be on the verge of enacting a policy that some experts believe should be the future of anti-poverty policy: baby bonds.

Gov. Phil Murphy has proposed giving babies from roughly the bottom 70 percent of the income distribution a $1,000 nest egg, payable with interest when the child turns 18. The money could then be used to help pay for college or a home. The proposal requires approval by New Jersey’s legislature, which Democrats control.

Murphy’s plan is a scaled-down version of a federal plan that Senator Cory Booker put at the center of his presidential campaign last year. Booker has argued that baby bonds have the political advantage of being race-neutral — while also significantly closing the country’s racial wealth gap. Many young Black adults today have few assets.

In a recent Times essay, Jason DeParle — a reporter who has been covering poverty for decades — explained why many experts believe that cash grants are the most promising tool for fighting poverty: “Subsidizing the incomes of poor families leads their children on average to better health, more schooling and higher earnings as adults.” Joe Biden has yet to take a position on the idea, Jason noted.


A deal on dinner


Credit…Christopher Testani for The New York Times

The British government has an audacious plan to bring people back to restaurants and help the limping economy: Half-off meals. Her Majesty’s Government has stepped in to cover 50 percent of any diner’s bill, up to 10 pounds (or about $13), on Mondays, Tuesdays and Wednesdays.

It seems to be working. Restaurant sales have surged. The government has now helped pay for almost as many meals (64 million) as Britain has people (67 million).

In honor of this bit of policy creativity, we suggest you cook some modern British food at home. A one-pot chicken braised with potatoes and pine nuts is an easy weeknight jet-set to Rochelle Canteen, a hip garden restaurant in London’s Shoreditch neighborhood. For dessert, try Lime, Mint and Rum Tarts from Yotam Ottolenghi, a pastry homage to a mojito.

The latest in nonfiction

Several big nonfiction books are out this week, as The Times Book Review notes:

  • His Truth Is Marching On,” by Jon Meacham, is an examination of the life of John Lewis and a “welcome reminder of the heroic sacrifices” made by young civil rights activists in the 1960s.

  • El Jefe,” by Alan Feuer, a reporter on The Times’s Metro desk, is a “lively, clear and endlessly fascinating” tale of the effort to capture the drug kingpin known as El Chapo.

  • Hoax,” by the CNN journalist Brian Stelter, is a “thorough and damning exploration of the incestuous relationship” between Trump and Fox News.

The Met is back — with some changes


Credit…Karsten Moran for The New York Times

The Metropolitan Museum of Art will reopen to the public on Saturday, five months after the coronavirus forced its closure. But visiting the Met will look a bit different than it used to.

Visitors will need timed tickets and will have their temperatures taken before they’re allowed inside. Occupancy and hours will be reduced. Exhibits too small to allow social distancing will stay closed. And, in a museum first, valet parking for bicycles will be available, to help people who choose to avoid mass transit.



Here’s today’s Mini Crossword, and a clue: Punctuation mark on which a 2008 Supreme Court case about the Second Amendment hinged (five letters).

You can find all of our puzzles here.

Thanks for spending part of your morning with The Times. See you tomorrow. — David

P.S. I described Reason magazine as a conservative publication in yesterday’s newsletter. Libertarian is a better description, as a few readers pointed out.

You can see today’s print front page here.

Today’s episode of “The Daily” is about Trump’s law-and-order campaign strategy.

Melina Delkic, Amelia Nierenberg and Ian Prasad Philbrick contributed to The Morning. You can reach the team at [email protected].

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