The coronavirus is a family of viruses named after the crown-like spikes which protrude its surface. In general coronaviruses can infect animals and people and causes respiratory illnesses from the common cold to pneumonia and lung lesions. Some coronaviruses may cause an infection in your nose, sinuses, or upper throat. The majority of coronaviruses are not that life threatening.
In early 2020, after a late-2019 outbreak in China, The World Health Organization identified a new more fatal type of coronavirus, they named it the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), which causes COVID-19.