WASHINGTON — A battle for control of the powerful House Foreign Affairs Committee is setting up a debate about race, seniority and the future of the Democratic Party.
The vacancy atop a powerful committee was made official on Friday when Foreign Affairs Chairman Eliot Engel officially lost the congressional seat representing a racially diverse district in New York after a surprise Democratic primary upset by progressive African-American Jamaal Bowman, a first-time candidate.
Racial identities and ideological divisions are likely to be front and center in the fight for control of the influential committee with a long history of being run by white men. And the debate over its future will come at a time when the nation is having a reckoning in the wake of protests after the death black American George Floyd about race and how discrimination has been enshrined in some institutions.
It took weeks for Bowman to be declared the winner, allowing for behind-the-scenes jockeying to begin. Half a dozen House aides, who requested anonymity to offer a frank assessment of the internal discussions, detailed to NBC News that several candidates are privately discussing seeking the chairmanship but avoided saying so in public out of respect for Engel while he waited for the official count.
The chairmanship will be decided after the November election, provided Democrats retain control of the chamber, when Congress is likely to be more diverse than it is now and include more women and minorities. A senior democratic aide tells NBC NEWS that Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi is expected to stay neutral. A spokesperson for the House Foreign Affairs Committee declined to comment.
Rep. Brad Sherman, D-CA, will now be the most senior member of the committee, a position that traditionally would have made him the favorite for the gavel. He’s expected to make public next week whether he intends to run, one congressional aide told NBC News.
The second most senior lawmaker on the panel, Rep. Gregory Meeks, D-NY,is a prominent member of the Congressional Black Caucus. He became the first to declare his intent to run, releasing a statement on Friday saying, “more of the same is not an option.”
And Rep. Joaquin Castro, D-TX, lacking the seniority of the other two candidates, is also expected to vie for the chairmanship. Castro is head of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus, and the identical twin brother of Julian Castro, who gained an increased national profile when he ran unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for president.
Castro wants to see the candidates debate.
“I do think it would benefit both the members of Congress and the American public if people who are running for committee chairs are willing to get out there in front of an audience and tell people what they believe, where they stand, and where they intend to take the committee,” he said. “I think that would be healthy for everybody. And I also think that that’s what Americans are clamoring for is accountability and transparency.”
In the almost two hundred years since the establishment of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, there has been only one chairperson that has not been a white man.
Of the 21 committees in the House, there are four Black chairs and two Hispanic members holding gavels.
“Having a substantial number of African American committee chairs will speak volumes to the world,” said Rep Butterfield (D-NC), the former head of the Congressional Black Caucus. “We are not the country that that many people in other parts of the world think we are based on the George Floyd embarrassment.”
Castro and Meeks are already making the case that their identities would play an important role in how they served as chairman.
“Does it make a difference? Yes, I believe, absolutely, it does. That and my ability and my experience,” Meeks told NBC News. “That is why I believe I am the appropriate person, the right person, at the right time to do this job.”
Castro, a Mexican-American, has argued that his background would allow him to focus on issues currently getting less attention from the committee.
“We hardly have touched the issue of migration of hundreds of thousands of women and children from Central America, to the United States,” Castro told NBC News. “I have a special interest in that because of my work on immigration and as chair of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus.”
Intertwined in the debate about the role of race in picking a chairman is new questions about whether allowing seniority to prevail undermines diversity. The written and unwritten rules of Congress have long favored seniority.
“The seniority system is now being calibrated against other factors. Other factors are race and gender, I would call it diversity, even age diversity,” Butterfield said.
In another committee, all of the candidates for chair but one are likely to be over 70 years old, Butterfield said.
“We don’t need committee chairs consisting of all senior citizens,” he added.
Castro is aware that he’s asking his fellow members to elevate him to a position of power without having done the same amount of time in office.
“Look, if it comes down to who’s been in the halls of Congress the longest then I’ve got no shot,” Castro said. “But I would hope the members would look at not only experience but also your vision and your ideas for the committee.”
If selected, 45-year-old Castro would be the youngest chairman by a decade behind Armed Services Committee Chair Adam Smith, who is 55 years old.
Meeks says seniority is only a part of the consideration.
“Look at the wishes and the will of the folks that are on the committee itself. The person’s ability does play a role in who can pull the committee together, “ said Meeks. “I think all of those are something that has to be taken into consideration.”
Unsurprisingly, one aide told NBC News that Sherman strongly favors the seniority system. Despite his position as the most senior, Sherman was previously passed over when Engel was selected to be chairman.
Sherman could use his experience and adversarial demeanor to bolster his candidacy, with one ally arguing he would also be willing to hold fellow Democrats accountable if Joe Biden wins the presidency.
As the candidates for the chairmanship make their case to their fellow House members, the issue of diversity at the State Department, which the committee conducts oversight of, is also expected to be a focal point.
Of the 198 ambassadors leading U.S. embassies, three career ambassadors are African American and four Hispanic, according to the American Academy of Diplomacy.
“At this moment, people across the globe are protesting systemic racism. That’s also true of America’s diplomats,” said Castro last month. “Foreign service officers and former U.S. ambassadors, particularly Black diplomats, are speaking up about not being treated with equal respect. Diplomats who represent us should represent all of us.”
Meeks echoed that sentiment.
“The United States’ ability to promote human rights and democratic values across the world is undermined if we don’t practice at home what we preach abroad, recognizing that foreign policy is inseparable from domestic policy,” Meeks said Friday in announcing his run. “Our international standing has always been linked to our ability to do better at home.”
Sherman has also pushed for greater diversity at the State Department, saying it sends a global message.
“People who bring diversity to the State Department will help us more than others,” Sherman said last month in a House Foreign Affairs Committee hearing. “We’ll have a foreign service that reflects America, but it will also undercut the propaganda of our enemies who’s saying that America is a place of discrimination and caste.”