WASHINGTON — The Justice Department lodged charges on Friday against six more suspected members of the Oath Keepers, adding new defendants to a case that had already accused others in the right-wing militia group of an organized plot to attack the Capitol on Jan. 6 and stop the final certification of the presidential election.
The charges, filed in Federal District Court in Washington, accused Kelly Meggs, the self-described leader of the Oath Keepers’ Florida chapter, and his wife, Connie, of joining four other militia members — including a middle-aged couple from Ohio — in a military-style “stack” that ascended a flight of stairs outside the Capitol and then broke into the building. The group of six, court papers say, worked with the three members of the Oath Keepers who were charged last month: Thomas E. Caldwell, Jessica M. Watkins and Donovan Crowl.
The new indictment against what is now a total of nine Oath Keepers represents the most significant effort by the government so far to prove that far-right extremists worked together in advance of Jan. 6 to prevent Congress from certifying President Biden’s victory and to help former President Donald J. Trump keep hold of power.
Indeed, prosecutors say, in late December, Mr. Meggs wrote a message on Facebook echoing a tweet that Mr. Trump had posted, saying that a rally in Washington on Jan. 6 to protest the results of the election would be “wild.”
“He wants us to make it WILD that’s what he’s saying,” Mr. Meggs wrote. “He called us all to the Capitol and wants us to make it wild!!! Sir Yes Sir!!! Gentlemen we are heading to DC.”
According to previously filed court papers, the Oath Keepers began working to undermine Mr. Biden’s win within a week of Election Day in November, setting up training sessions for “urban warfare” and “riot control,” and discussing a plot to ferry heavy weapons into Washington on a boat across the Potomac River. Ms. Watkins in particular, prosecutors say, was “awaiting direction” from Mr. Trump as early as mid-November about how to deal with the election results.
The Oath Keepers, founded by former members of the military and law enforcement, have a long history of antigovernment activity and have emerged — along with the far-right nationalist group the Proud Boys — as one of the most prominent extremist groups to have baselessly questioned the validity of the election and to have taken part in the storming of the Capitol.
Within a week of Election Day, for instance, the Oath Keepers’ founder, Stewart Rhodes, told the conspiracy theorist Alex Jones that he had men stationed outside Washington prepared to act at Mr. Trump’s command. At a rally in the city on Dec. 12, Mr. Rhodes called on Mr. Trump to invoke the Insurrection Act, suggesting that a failure to do so would result in a “much more bloody war.”
Echoing earlier filings, the new indictment notes that on Jan. 4, Mr. Rhodes issued a call to action on his organization’s website urging “all patriots” to “stand tall in support of President Trump’s fight to defeat the enemies foreign and domestic who are attempting a coup.” The repeated references in the filings to Mr. Rhodes, a former soldier and a graduate of Yale Law School, suggest that prosecutors may be trying to build a case against him as well.
According to prosecutors, the Oath Keepers began conspiring to overturn the election not long after votes were cast in November. On Nov. 9, prosecutors say, Ms. Watkins, a 38-year-old bar owner from Ohio, sent a text message to several recruits telling them they needed to be “fighting fit” by Inauguration Day. Shortly after, court papers say, she suggested to her recruits that they use the chatting app Zello to communicate with one another during “operations.”
When asked by a recruit the following week what 2021 might hold, Ms. Watkins admitted that Mr. Biden might actually become the president, prosecutors say. “If he is, our way of life as we know it is over,” she wrote. “Our Republic would be over. Then it is our duty as Americans to fight, kill and die for our rights.”
In early December, court papers say, another person charged in the case, Graydon Young, 54, reached out to the Florida chapter of the Oath Keepers looking to become involved with the group while Mr. Crowl, a Navy veteran from Virginia, attended a training camp in North Carolina. By the end of the month, the militia members had set their eyes on Mr. Trump’s Jan. 6 event in Washington and were arranging lodging in the city and coordinating with other groups of Oath Keepers coming up from North Carolina and Mississippi, prosecutors say.
The riot inside the U.S. Capitol on Wednesday, Jan. 6, followed a rally at which President Trump made an inflammatory speech to his supporters, questioning the results of the election. Here’s a look at what happened and the ongoing fallout:
- As this video shows, poor planning and a restive crowd encouraged by President Trump set the stage for the riot.
- A two hour period was crucial to turning the rally into the riot.
- Several Trump administration officials, including cabinet members Betsy DeVos and Elaine Chao, announced that they were stepping down as a result of the riot.
- Federal prosecutors have charged more than 70 people, including some who appeared in viral photos and videos of the riot. Officials expect to eventually charge hundreds of others.
- The House voted to impeach the president on charges of “inciting an insurrection” that led to the rampage by his supporters.
On Christmas Day, court papers say, Mr. Meggs wrote a Facebook message noting that guns were not allowed in Washington and suggesting that he might instead bring “mace and gas masks, some batons” to the event. Days later, prosecutors say, he wrote online about a “QRF,” or a Quick Reaction Force, that would could accompany the Oath Keepers to Washington. That echoed comments made by Mr. Caldwell who had also written messages about creating a team of armed militia members stationed outside of Washington that could rush to the aid of those inside the city, prosecutors say.
On Jan. 4, court papers say, the suspects began making their way to Washington. Mr. Young traveled from North Carolina, staying at the Hilton Garden Inn with his sister, Laura Steele, another defendant in the case. Mr. Crowl, Ms. Watkins and the married couple, Bennie and Sandra Parker, all drove from Ohio. Mr. Caldwell, arriving from Virginia, paid for a room for two at a Comfort Inn in the Washington suburbs, prosecutors say. Ms. Watkins reserved her own room there, court papers say, as did the Parkers.
The day before the attack, Mr. and Mrs. Meggs were photographed providing security at a rally outside the U.S. Supreme Court where Mr. Trump’s onetime adviser, Roger Stone, spoke.
Then, on Jan. 6, the conspirators donned military gear and stormed into the Capitol — all except for Mr. Caldwell, prosecutors say, who remained outside on a balcony on the west side of the building with another Oath Keeper. The group pushed past at least one police officer, court papers say, and communicated with one another by text and Zello, describing the paint balls and tear gas being fired at them.
“We are in the main dome right now,” Ms. Watkins wrote at one point. “We are rocking it.”
A few days after the riot, prosecutors say, once all of the conspirators went home, Ms. Watkins sent a text to Mr. Parker saying she had been following the F.B.I.’s “wanted list” of suspects from the Capitol assault and did not think they had a reason to be concerned.
“I wouldn’t worry about them coming after us,” she wrote.
But within days, federal agents showed up at her home in Ohio with a search warrant. During the search, prosecutors say, the agents discovered several firearms, a paintball gun, pool cues cut to “baton size,” plastic zip ties and a recipe for making “a destructive device.”
When agents searched Mr. Caldwell’s house in Virginia last month, they discovered a document titled “Death List” that contained the name of an election official from another state, prosecutors said. The agents also found a pistol that was “intentionally built to look like a cellphone,” prosecutors say.